The Healthcare Quality Improvement Act: The Quest for Immunity in Your Peer Review Process
DateFeb 11, 2022
Time13:00 PM EST
This webinar will discuss the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA) in detail, including the standards that must be met to achieve immunity under the act.
The HCQIA itself will be reviewed, including a detailed look at the Congressional purpose for the act. The legislative history of the act will be reviewed to gain an understanding of the intent of Congress in passing the act.
Next will be a review of the standards under the act. We will conduct a detailed review of each of the standards and the actions that are required to meet the intent of the standards. Specifically, there are four standards under the act that must be met. We will review each of these with an eye toward court interpretation of what actions an organization must take to achieve the protections granted by the act.
First, the action must be taken “in the reasonable belief that the action was in the furtherance of quality health care." We will examine what this means and what is required for the entity taking the action to have a "reasonable belief."
Second, the action must be taken "after a reasonable effort to obtain the facts of the matter." The webinar will discuss in some depth what is required to conduct an adequate investigation. Before any definitive action is taken, there must be an adequate investigation to determine the facts of the matter. This seems like simple common sense, but one would be surprised at how often the investigation is found to be less than what is expected. The focus of this portion of the webinar is to review what constitutes an adequate investigation, particularly one that will withstand the scrutiny of the court when the hospital or other professional review body is asking for immunity under the Health Care Quality Improvement Act (HCQIA).
Third, the action must be taken, "after adequate notice and hearing procedures are afforded to the physician involved or after such other procedures as are fair to the physician under the circumstances." The act sets forth the "safe harbor" conditions that a health care entity must meet regarding adequate notice and hearing procedures. We will examine these safe harbor conditions and discuss in detail what must be done to achieve immunity under this standard. In addition, we will discuss what actions must be taken when a practitioner asks for a hearing but it is not possible to provide one.
Fourth, the action must be taken, "in the reasonable belief that the action was warranted by the facts known after such reasonable effort to obtain facts and after meeting the [notice and hearing] requirement." While the analysis of this standard generally tracts the analysis of the first standard, "in the reasonable belief," there is considerable interpretation by the courts of exactly what this standard means and what must be done to accomplish it. We will review that court review and analyze the actions required to meet it.
We will also review cases that discuss the situation where the peer review committee reached incorrect conclusions, and the implications that such a conclusion has for immunity under the act.
· The Health Care Quality Improvement Act
· Legislative history of the Health Care Quality Improvement Act and the intent of Congress
· Immunity under the Health Care Quality Improvement Act
· Standards required to achieve immunity under the Health Care Quality Improvement Act
· Review of the Health Care Quality Improvement Act by the courts
Why Should You Attend:
You should attend this webinar to gain an understanding of how the HCQIA protects your organization and those who participate in the peer review process in your organization, as well as gain an appreciation of the actions that are required to perfect the HCQIA immunity. Failure to take the appropriate actions and to follow the correct protocol can result in a disastrous situation.
You will learn how to facilitate the frank exchange of information among professionals conducting peer review inquiries without the fear of reprisals in civil lawsuits. The statute attempts to balance the chilling effect of litigation on peer review with concerns for protecting physicians improperly subjected to disciplinary action; accordingly, Congress granted immunity from monetary damages to participants in properly conducted peer review proceedings while preserving causes of action for injunctive or declaratory relief for aggrieved physicians. Not only will you gain an understanding of the immunity provisions, you will gain an appreciation of the standards that professional review actions must satisfy to entitle the participants to such protection.
We will discuss what is required to provide a "fair" hearing, including the actions that must be taken before and during the hearing process. You will gain an understanding of how to conduct an investigation of the allegations that form the basis of the professional review action and the standards that the courts review to ensure that the investigation was adequate.
You will learn how the courts interpret the mandate in the HCQIA that the action was taken "in the reasonable belief that the action was in the furtherance of quality health care." You will also gain an understanding of what is required to meet the standard, "after adequate notice and hearing procedures are afforded to the physician involved or after such other procedures as are fair to the physician under the circumstances."
Who Should Attend:
· Hospital executives, particularly those involved with medical staff activities
· Medical staff officers
· Physicians who serve on peer review committees
· Medical staff support staff
· Attorneys representing medical staffs
Ask your question directly from our expert during the Q&A session following the live event.
William Mack Copeland, MS, JD, PhD, LFACHE, practices health care law in Cincinnati at the firm of Copeland Law, LLC, where he is president and CEO. A graduate of Northern Kentucky University Salmon P. Chase College of Law, Bill is a frequent author and speaker on health law topics. He is a member of the American Health Lawyers Association, American, Ohio and Cincinnati Bar Associations. A former hospital chief executive officer, he is a life fellow in the American College of Healthcare Executives. He was awarded the American College of Health Care Executives Senior-Level Healthcare Executive Regent’s Award in 2007.